Microbiology is an applied science that uses microorganisms (microbes) as a tool for improving the quality of human life. At first the use of microbes was only limited to the food industry. Along with the development of science, microbes was then begun to be used for other human activities, such as waste management, development of science in the field of genetic engineering, and others.
In accordance with its name, at the study programme of Microbiology, students will learn everything related to the microbes. This of course will have different scope to that being studied in study programme of Biology. In study programme of Microbiology, the subjects are rarely directly related to plants and animals, i.e. problems associated with plant diseases, infectious diseases, and so forth. In study programme of Microbiology we will learn the techniques of genetic engineering, cell culture, fermentation technology, food manufacturing whose processes involve microbes, and so forth.
Gene engineering and cell culture will certainly relate to the science of microbiology, because microbes (especially plasmid which is a component in a microbe) are tool used to insert genes into other organisms. For example, when we intend to insert anti-pest gene into certain plant, we will extract specific plasmids from bacteria and then insert an anti-pest gene into it, and after the process is completed, the bacteria will be inserted into the plant.
By studying in study programme of Microbiology, students can also utilize a variety of existing knowledge to create various types of healthy foods which are processed using microbes, e.g. yogurt and cheese. Two types of food is a food manufacturing process aided by microbes. The quantities and types of microbes that are used will affect the taste of yogurt and cheese produced from the fermentation process.
In addition, microbes are now being used to overcome the problem of waste. For example, at the stage of transporting crude oil from offshore drilling or distributing oil from one place to another, if there is a leakage, it will result in spillage of crude oil (which would contaminate the sea). Microbes, particularly certain bacteria, have the ability to assist the cleaning process in the sea—the bacteria will "eat" (decompose) the oil that becomes contaminant.
The learning process will be supported with a variety of exciting activities e.g. laboratory practice, field trips, visits to institutions and related agencies, and others. Laboratory practice is part of the course where students can verify or directly observe the studied phenomena. Field trip will help students to directly observe such phenomenon in nature. Students will gain more perspective and knowledge by conducting visits to the institution or agency that employs microbes in their work processes. The learning process will be far from boredom and certainly enhance students' knowledge of microbes and their utilization.